Justice as a Sign of the Law: Further Reading
- Judith Resnik & Dennis Curtis, Representing Justice: Invention, Controversy, and Rights in City-States and Democratic Courtrooms (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011). "By mapping the remarkable run of the icon of Justice, a woman with
scales and sword, and by tracing the development of public spaces
dedicated to justice—courthouses—the authors explore the evolution of
adjudication into its modern form as well as the intimate relationship
between the courts and democracy." In addition, the Representing Justice page, in the Lillian Goldman Law Library's Document Collection Center, brings together image collections, articles, and videos relating to the book.
- Fondo Antico - Immagini della Giustizia, a website prepared by the library of the Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, is a well organized and thorough examination of how the image of Justice is employed in early printed books. It includes a lengthy bibliography.
- The Digital Collections page of the Rechtshistorie website includes annotated lists of useful links under the headings "Databases for legal iconography" and "Thematic image collections".
- Rechtshistorie's editor, Otto Vervaart, also writes a companion blog, Rechtsgeschiedenis. He has written several thoughtful and informative posts on the topic of legal iconography, dealing with their importance for legal history and the challenges in locating online resources. See, for example, "The face of justice" (Dec. 19, 2010) and click the Legal iconography tag to see the others.
- Justitia: Iconography of Justice is a Flickr gallery that as of September 2011 contained 133 images of Justice taken from volumes in the Rare Book Collection, Lillian Goldman Law Library. See also the related gallery, Justitia - headpieces. Headpieces are ornaments
used as decoration at the head of a
chapter or division of a book.
"The Remarkable Run of a Political Icon: Justice as a Sign of the
Law" is curated by Judith Resnik, Dennis Curtis, Allison Tait, and Mike
Widener, and is on display Sept. 19-Dec. 16, 2011, in the Rare Book
Exhibition Gallery, Level L2, Lillian Goldman Law Library, Yale Law
More images of Lady Justice -- LOTS more!
This past month I've added 44 additional images containing depictions of Justitia (Lady Justice), to our Flickr gallery Justitia: Iconography of Justice. In addition, the Courtroom Scenes gallery grew by a dozen or so images. Below is an image that now appears in both places: it is the frontispiece to Johann Stephan Burgermeister's Teutsches corpus juris publici & privati, oder, Codex diplomaticus (Ulm: In Verlegung Johann Conrad Wohlers Buchhändlers, 1717), and shows Lady Justice as the presiding judge, encouraging the downtrodden of the Holy Roman Empire to draw near and enter their pleas.
For the past several months I've been scouring our collection for such images, and also buying books containing images of Justitia, as part of our collecting focus on illustrated law books. The project has taken on additional relevance with the publication of Representing Justice: Invention, Controversy, and Rights in City-states and Democratic Courtrooms by Yale Law professors Judith Resnik and Dennis Curtis (Yale University Press, 2011), and the Spring 2011 seminar, "Representing Justice," taught by Professors Resnik and Curtis. See the Law Library's Representing Justice page in its Document Collection Center.
I've discovered that an Italian law library shares our interest in images of Lady Justice. The law library of the Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia has built an excellent website, Immagini della Giustizia. The user can view examples based on their role in the printed book (frontispiece, headpieces, initials, architectural borders, etc.), as well as via iconography (the scales, sword, blindfold, etc.). I don't read Italian, and I still found the site easy to navigate. It also has a thorough bibliography. Our rare book collection owns very few of the examples in the Modena website, so I have new titles to pursue!
Rare Book Librarian